Dental implants will stay lodged into the bone potentially for a lifetime. This is because the bone will grow around the screw, holding it in place. The implant is also designed in a specific way in order to help bonding, with deep grooves and a roughened surface to aid adhesion. A crown is attached to the end to resemble the tooth.
The process of a dental implant begins as follows. Firstly, an incision is made into the gum where the implant will be inserted, and the skin is pulled back to expose the bone. Secondly the bone is then drilled into at high speed, in order to ensure a perfect hole is made, avoiding burning, or damage to the rest of the bone. The hole is then expanded with a series of lower speed drills and kept cool with water and saline solution. Finally, the implant is inserted with a torque-controlled wrench, so as not to damage the bone. A healing process is then needed to allow the bone to grow into the implant. This will all be covered in an implant consultation.
How does the implant stay so secure?
Bones can grow extremely quickly, and the implants rely on this to be secured in place. The implants are also inserted with great precision, to ensure that they are in the perfect position, with information collected from CT scans and X-rays. If there is not enough space for the implant to sit, then you can receive treatment such as bone grafts from the chin or hip, or a sinus lift, to ensure that the implant has enough foundation to stay secure.
What are bisphosphonate drugs?
As the dental implant relies on the growth of the bone, then certain drugs can be administered in order to speed the process up. However, this kind of extra treatment requires special consideration. The drugs can cause many problems with the bone in the jaw, and can cause medication related osteonecrosis of the jaw, or MRONJ. This can cause can immense amount of pain and affect the outcome of the implants. While bisphosphonate drugs can speed up the dental implant process, they do not affect the success rate of the implant, and therefore are not widely used.
After I have had the dental implant, is there a chance they can fail?
With any medical procedure, or dental treatment, there is always a chance of failure, as every human body will react differently. There can be some factors which contribute to failure; however, failure of dental implants is rare. Dental practices such as High Dental Implants Melbourne have extremely experienced dentists to carry out such a procedure, so the risk of failure is greatly reduced. The best thing to do is to ask a dentist, and research online about whether dental implants are the best option for you. Any queries you may have will also be answered by your dentist prior to the treatment.
Any surgical or invasive procedure carries risks. Before proceeding, you should seek a second opinion from an appropriately qualified health practitioner.