Tips For a High Efficient HVAC System

HVAC Ductwork

HVAC Ductwork

Most homes built today have a whole house comfort system, otherwise known as an HVAC system.  This system has ductwork installed throughout the home and the HVAC system provides cool air in the summer and warm air in the winter to provide a comfortable living environment.

Keeping your home comfortable throughout the year can also be expensive, which is why it’s important to make sure your HVAC system is running as efficiently as possible.

Regular cleaning and maintenance on your HVAC system is important to keeping your system running properly and to also extend the life of your system.  An annual maintenance plan is essential to keeping your system running smoothly.

It is also highly recommended to have your ductwork cleaned on a regular basis.  If you have a very old HVAC system or if you are using fibre board or other non-metal ductwork, you may want to consider replacing your ductwork system to keep your air clean in the home.  George Lloyd, of LLoyd HVAC, who provides ductwork installation in Toronto, says that most ductwork can be cleaned, unless you are using a non-metal, flexible ductwork, which may been to be replaced as it can be difficult to clean fibre-glass or similar flexible ductwork over time.

Below is an infographic that has some great tips on keeping your HVAC system in top shape, you can also find more tips here.

Ductowrk Cleaning Infographic

Tips for Starting a Home Garden

Home Garden

Whether you want to do hobby gardening or prepper gardening, you should prepare accordingly. Having an abundant garden requires proper planning and research. Since you are reading this article I am going to assume that you are not an expert farmer. Do not let yourself get discouraged by the amount of time and research you must do. I promise you it will be worth it! Just like with anything, practice makes perfect. The first year or two you may have a smaller crop while you perfect your techniques. But after the third and fourth year, you will have more crops than you know what to do with.

So where should you start? Before you plant anything, answer these 3 questions.


What should you plant?

Begin with planting food that you love. After making sure you have room for the crops you love, you can fill in the rest of your garden with seeds for crops that are relatively easy to grow. Any extra crops can be sold at local farmers market which can help supplement the costs of your personal garden. A successfully managed garden should produce larger crops each year. If you have friends who garden, you may be able to arrange a crop swap to get more of a variety with less work.

Every crop will not grow in your geographical location. You need to research what can grow in your area. Buying online is always an option, just be careful to check the grow details of each seed you purchase. Seeds purchased from your local hardware stores will generally be your safest bet, since they are intended to be sold and planted in the area.


When should you plant?

When you plant crops is very important. Each geographical location has different planting seasons based on the climate of that area. Most seeds need to be planted after the last frost. Some seeds can withstand a light frost such as peas and broccoli. The best place to get information about when the appropriate time to plant seeds is the back of the seed packet. Most have a hardness zone map on the back of the packet which lists the recommending plant times by geographical areas.

So how can you keep track of which seeds should be planted when? The best method to keep planting on track is to use a small recipe box or file folder. You can label the tabs with months and place the seed packet in the section for the month that the seeds need to be planted in.


Where should you plant your garden?

The location of a garden can affect how much crow you can sow. The amount of sun that a garden receives can influence crop production. Some plants, such as tomatoes and corn, should be grown in direct sunlight. However, leafy plants tend to produce best in shady areas. The details on the back of the seed packets will usually discuss how much sunlight/shade a plant will need. It will also tell you how much space to leave between seeds.

Another factor to consider is the nearest water source. Your garden is going to need water. Some people eventually have sprinkler or irrigation systems in place. I recommend gardening the old-fashioned way for at least a year. You want to make sure that you are going to fully commit to growing a garden before spending a great deal of money on a watering system. You may decide that gardening is more hassle than it is worth to you.

There is a lot more to gardening than just answering these three questions. Determining what, when, and where to plant before getting started will make your chances of a successful garden much better. Spending time on proper planning before getting started will keep you from making some of the costly mistakes that beginning gardeners frequently make.

How Raw Food Can Enhance Your Pitbull Dog’s Health

Raw dog food is an excellent alternative for dogs that are allergic to grains that are used in dog foods currently available in the market. Raw food diet for a dog normally consists of muscle meat that is still on bones, whole bones or ground bones, raw eggs, organ meats such as kidneys and livers, apples as well as other fruit and vegetables. Raw food diets are considered to be healthier and more nutritious in comparison to processed dog foods.

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Benefits of raw Pitfull dog food
Pitbulls can greatly benefit from raw dog foods in numerous ways. Some of the notable advantages of such diets include the following:
• The Pitbull will be more energetic and active.

• The Pitbull’s coat will look healthier.

• The breath of the Pitbull will immensely improve.

Best dog food for pitbull

  1. Raw muscle meat

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Most meat ought to be fed while on the bone but it will not harm to add small portions of boneless muscle meat to your Pitbull’s diet. These can be either in chunks or ground up. The main reason for raw muscle meat is that your Pitbull requires red meat in his or her diet.

2. Raw organ meat

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This should constitute approximately 10% of the dog’s diet. However, the raw organ meat should be first inspected. The easiest to find are kidneys, hearts and livers and these may be derived from lamb, chicken and turkey.

3. Raw fish

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Always go for farmed fish as wild ones are full of parasites. Wild fish that are safe are snapper and tuna.

4. Raw eggs

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Feed your Pitbull with large raw eggs together with their shells and this should be done on a frequency of thrice to four times weekly. The eggs should be thoroughly washed first.

Introduction to the diet
It is recommended that Pitbulls are gradually introduced to the raw dog food diet by providing them raw meat in form of a treat for the first few days 9 say the first 3 to 4 days). This should be slowly increased in quantities until the point the Pitbull can finish a whole meal of raw dog food. Remember to include veggies and fruit and raw meaty bones to the above options.2

What to avoid
Try to avoid feeding your Pitbull on raw pork unless you are sure of the hygiene conditions of its source as the threat of trichinosis is real. Pork should basically be avoided as it is hard for dogs to digest as well. Raw salmon should also be avoided as they may contain liver flukes that may damage the liver of your Pitbull. However, cooked or canned salmon is fine.

Portions of raw dog food to give your Pitbull
Portions to feed the Pitbull with are highly dependent on the dog, it is a function of their level of activity, their size, their age and if they need to lose weight or not. For instance 20 lbs Pitbull can eat approximately half a pound of raw dog food in a single day. The ratio off meat to vegetables is 85% to 15% respectively.

Introduce raw dog food to your Pitbull with caution. Basically, you should avoid just jumping into it as the dog needs to be gradually eased into it. The above insightful information about the best dog food for Pitbull should assist you to properly start feeding raw dog food to your Pitbull.


My name is Lauren. I am the founder of

I’m  a young woman with a true passion for animals. I have kept many pets over the years and has intimate knowledge of their needs both emotionally and physically. I love that her dogs keep her so active and satisfy her desire to spend lots of time in nature.


The use of Pycnogenol in sports


Athletic performance always creates an oxidative stress on the body resulting in the rise of metabolic activity. This increased metabolism is the result of a 10 to 20 fold increase in the intake of oxygen. Professional athletes and bodybuilders make up for the increased oxidative stress through the production of anti-oxidative secretions in the form of enzymes, protecting the body cells against damaging free radicals. This process is actually performed by Pycnogenol to prevent the damage of bodily cells due to excessive workout routines. Research investigations have shown the effects of this supplement to increase endurance levels during recreational activities protecting the cells from harmful radicals and aiding in better performance.


Pycnogenol – The King of Anti-oxidants

Several research studies have been conducted over the years to establish the beneficial effects of anti-oxidants. Out of the available options that are used as an anti-aging supplement Pycnogenol turns out to be a trustworthy and effective compound in countering problems of premature skin aging. Extensive research work on this supplement has proved the powerful effects of this antioxidant to provide significant results on rejuvenating the skin when taken topically or even orally.  This super antioxidant is 50 times more effective than Vitamin E and 20 times more effective than Vitamin C in fighting free radicals and maintaining a healthy skin.

In addition to the anti-oxidation benefit of Pycnogenol its exhibition of anti-inflammatory properties aids in supporting microcirculation. The active anti-aging ingredients in such compound help to protect the skin from the harmful ultra-violet rays of the sun preventing premature aging of the skin through photo-aging. It counters the effects of chronic inflammation, sun damage, smog, damaging free radicals and pollution. This extract is extensively used in wrinkle and anti-aging creams to neutralize free radicals and prevent oxidation.

The right concentration of Pycnogenol in skin cream

Like other active anti-aging ingredients, the right concentration of this herbal extract is essential in combating anti-aging problems. This ingredient must be included in sufficient quantity in skin products in order to be effective for protection of the skin. Just claiming the presence of such ingredients in the skin care products by manufacturers won’t serve its purpose. Out of the various ant-aging products available in the market, very few of them contain the right amount of this compound because of it being quite expensive.


Although there is no pre-specified level of this compound to be included for topical applications, the recommended amount to be used in skin-care products and serums should range between 0.1% and 0.2% in order to be used as an anti-aging supplement. The easiest way to detect the appropriate content of this active- ingredient in the skin care product is by taking a look at the color. The color of the original extract being brown should provide a brownish appearance to the skin cream or serum that contains it. Any product that claims to contain this ingredient but does not provide a brown look has an insignificant presence of this compound. The ingredients label printed on the package should also have its name enlisted there.


Facts about HIV/AIDS and Children


 There has been a reduction in the number of new HIV infections among children below 15 years since 2002. However, there are still more than 700 children infected every year and millions affected by the disease due to the impact it has on the family. With more than 2.6 million children living with HIV to date, a lot of research has been dedicated to reduce transmission of the disease from pregnant mothers to their unborn child.

Most infections are mother to child transmissions

Most children living with HIV got it from their mothers while they were pregnant, breastfeeding or during childbirth. When children are born with HIV, 1/3 of them do not reach their first birthday if ARV treatment is not administered immediately after birth. Unfortunately, all new mother-to-child infections could be avoided but lack of resources, trained staff and funding especially in the developing nations is a challenge.

Cultural norms expose children to AIDS

In up to 52 countries around the world, girls below 15 are married off by their parents. This makes them sexually active at a young age and increases the risk of sexual transmission of this infection. Research shows that girls are at a higher risk of HIV infection when they practice sex from a young age. This is because they are likely to have unprotected sex or be coerced by older partners.

Over 20 million children are orphaned by HIV

One of the most heartbreaking impacts of the AIDS epidemic is the impact it has on children. There are communities that have lost generations because of the disease. By 2015, the United Nations reported that 15.1 million children in Sub-Saharan Africa have been orphaned by HIV. Countries like Zimbabwe and South Africa are the most affected. This explains why there have been many programs to support vulnerable children in Africa and their caregivers.

Access of ARVs can save children’s lives

The World Health Organization reported in 2013 that children below the age of 5 who are infected with HIV should receive antiretroviral treatment in order to reduce their likelihood of death. Getting ARV treatment immediately can reduce the likelihood of death by 75% if treatment is administered within the first 12 weeks after birth. The unfortunate thing is that ARV treatment is inaccessible in developing countries and 76% of children are not able to receive it. In some cases, the caregivers are forced to give children their adult drugs which risk them taking too much or too little of the medicine.


Author Bio:

Maggie Martin is completing her PhD in Cell Biology, works as a lab tech for and contributes content on Biotech, Life Sciences, and Viral Outbreaks. Follow on Twitter @MaggieBiosource

Effect Of Nootropics In Boosting Your Memory


There are various nootropics and brain boosting supplements in the market which supplies information to its users about how to enhance the energy levels and mood, increase your brain power and improve its retaining capacity. Each of these supplements contributes in a slightly different way than the other serving different purpose of the user. Boosting the memory with the help of nootropics is a common goal for many but it is important to know which of them are specifically designed to have a direct effect on the brain . No matter how effective a supplement might be, it is always necessary to follow a healthy lifestyle. These are a class of nutrients which increase the supply of neurotransmitters as well as other neurochemicals involved in brain signaling related to recall and memory formation. While consuming a particular supplement individually can provide remarkable effects, stacking some of them together can also provide pronounced results on the efficient functioning of the brain.


The working mechanism

Most people are uncertain about the effectiveness of brain boosting supplements including Ginkgo Biloba and Vinpocetine on human body as the promise made by these supplements seem too excellent to be true. For this you need to understand that they don’t make you more intelligent, but only helps to make up the flaws in your body, the general performance of your brain and your brain fitness. You can feel its benefits only if you take them for sufficient time. There are billions of neurotransmitters and synapses that control your mind, mood and your ability to focus. Increasing or decreasing some chemicals within your brain can positively affect the circulation of information, resulting in better performance in the areas of awareness. They increase the blood flow to your brain which accelerates the recall and focus functions. With the application of low amounts of this supplement loss of neurons, which results in growing older, can be definitely slowed down to a great extent.

The medicinal effects of brain boosters

The ability of the brain to remember both short-term and long-term facts can be increased by increasing the level of neurotransmitters and overall responsiveness and plasticity of the brain. You can improve the performance level of your brain either through the use of natural compounds like herbs, vitamins and minerals or through the use of cognitive enhancers or nootropics including Ginkgo Biloba and Vinpocetine which are quite popular in the market for brain boosting supplements. Supplements like Ginkgo show promising results for treating Alzheimer’s and dementia patients. It is also known to improve the retaining capacity for users aged 85 years and above. On the other hand, supplements like Vinpocetine increases the flow of blood to the brain enhancing its use of oxygen thereby protecting the brain from free radical damage. But whatever be the supplement used for memory enhancement it should be used with extreme caution and avoided under certain circumstances, otherwise can lead to serious negative impacts on the body of the user.

Repercussions Of Neglecting Your Dental Health

Americans are some of the healthiest individuals in the entire world. Doctors throughout the country remain busy around the year. However, there is one key area, which tends to be lacking. Many Americans neglect their oral health and this can prove to be incredibly problematic. Those that do not take preventive and corrective measures will wind up spending excessively in the future or losing their teeth prematurely. Below, you’ll be able to familiarize yourself with the repercussions involved with neglecting your oral health.


Increased Potential For Pain and Suffering

Nobody wants to suffer from excruciating pain, yet many people will still avoid the dentist for whatever reason. Failing to visit your dentist regularly will drastically increase your risks for gum disease and tooth decay. Both problems can result in immense pain. Visiting your dentist every 6 months can help to reduce the potential for both and could very well help you avoid future suffering.


Enormous Costs

Many American consumers avoid the dentist, due to the potentially expensive costs. Although this may save them money upfront, it could lead to even more enormous costs in the future. Allowing the health of your teeth to diminish substantially will require you to seek more drastic rectifications in the future. This will also elevate the costs more than you could ever imagine. A root canal could cost upwards of $2,000 or more. Avoid future expenses, by better caring for your teeth now and visiting your dentist regularly.


Maintain A Beautiful Smile

Appearance is crucial and there are numerous elements that make up the entirety of your aesthetics. Suffice to say, your smile can tell a lot about you as an individual. A beautiful, white smile will let people know that you care about yourself and put a lot of effort into your appearance. Keep your appearance up to par with regular visits to your dentist and make sure you brush and floss as instructed by your primary dentist. To learn more about maintaining your smile, be sure to check out right away.


Why Not Try the All Powerful 3 Day Military Diet

Healthy Diet

Healthy Diet

For a long time, we have been told of hundreds of weight loss strategies that one can use. While a good number are amazingly effective, there are those that are just bogus. Weight loss is something that a majority of the population is fighting today. One of the seemingly unconventional methods used is this 3 day diet which incorporates military training tricks to make it more effective.

When you hear of a 3-day weight loss program, you might be a little bit skeptical. However, after reading this post you will realize that besides the program being effective, it is also fun. You really don’t need to follow a diet which makes you eat food by the millimeter or by the kilojoule for weeks; all you have to do is embrace this program fully. You will not be forced to buy supplements which at times end up being more expensive than the real food when you use the other weight loss programs.

There is the long-standing saying which goes, ‘no pain, no gain’. Well, with the 3-day military diet program, this saying is very true. You will perform some crazy boot camp antics, but which are thrilling if not fun filled. You will also have to be open to biting into some rather non-tasty foods. Still, the whole experience will prove fun, effective and for most people repeatable.

The one thing that you will love about this very unique 3-day diet program is the time it takes. Other programs take weeks or even months at any one time for any reasonable results to be realized. Many times, people are not that patient. You really don’t want to wait as if you are holding a vigil for something miraculous to happen. You need to be able to get angry when that favorite blue pair of jeans fails to fit and after a week, you get to stroll the streets in it; that’s how marvelous this diet is.

While a person who wants to cut down their excess waist fat should have the persistence, patience and willpower, so as to achieve their dream, it can be quite punishing if one expects them to hold on for months. As with the 3-day diet, your willpower will not be overly tested. You just need enough commitment to sustain you for a few days and the excellent results will follow. Moreover, this program is built around simple daily foods which are quite affordable.

Some of the dos and don’ts about this diet

  • Do follow the prescribed plan word for word. Do not negate at any point. You want that skinny shapely body back. After all, isn’t it just a 3-day program?
  • Don’t try to compensate for foods not eaten after you are done with the diet. It can be expected that after you are done with the diet that you will jump back into your rather unhealthy way of eating. The recommended calories per day, at least, the rest of the week or until you reach your goal is to consume 1,500.
  • Don’t eat snacks. Well, with other dieting programs, you are encouraged to eat snacks every so often. However, with this 3-day diet program, you should stick to the 3 daily meals outlined therein.
  • Do add an extra 100 calorieson your diet if you are a man. Men’s bodies require more calories than those of women.
  • Do have a lot of willpower. You will have a lot of hunger moments throughout the stipulated daysfor  You should hold on and remind yourself that you want to achieve a better looking you. Your esteem will also improve greatly the moment you achieve your weight loss goal.

Tips For Keeping Your Office Clean

Office Cleaning Tips

A clean office enhances the smooth running of a business and keeps employees happy and healthy. This may be hard to believe but in reality, it improves productivity because every item is in its rightful place thereby making the office well organized for business. Also, to a large extent, a clean office improves creativity and focus. Yes, this is very correct, as workers are sure to remain focused without being distracted by the crumbs on their keyboard.


With a clean office, good health is improved because there are reduced germs as well as rodents and pests  everything is properly disinfected and sanitized. On a final note, the reputation of your business is not endangered when your office is clean. It gives everyone who walks in the impression that your company is organized and efficient. So if you are thinking of how to make your office look clean, here are some helpful cleaning tips that can ensure that for you.


Stock your closet with all the essential cleaning products for your office. These include microfiber wipes, paper towels, dusting spray, glass cleaner etc. Also, ensure that your employees are reminded and aware of your cleaning procedures by including a simple chart that presents common office cleaning tips.  Steve from Carolina Office Cleaning in Charlotte says that even if you do your own cleaning, you should bring in a commercial cleaning company periodically for a full top to bottom cleaning of your office.


Ensure that every item in your office has its own place and leave it that way. If you think you would experience trouble remembering their location, do well to label their positions.

  1. Have a limited number of items on your desk. It will be difficult to spread out your work with excess clutter. Delegate anything that is not always in use to another location such as business cards, paper clips, an extra calendar etc.
  2. Wipe your keyboard and monitor daily with special wipes that are specially made for them. They can be found in most office supply and electronics stores. Please make sure that the keyboard is dried before putting it to use.
  3. Endeavor to clean your office phone regularly. This can be done by wiping the phone with a neat cloth that is sprayed with cleaner. Wipe down the dial pad with a cotton ball dipped in rubbing alcohol.
  4.  Ensure to keep bugs at bay by vacuuming areas where people eat and taking out the trash regularly.
  5. At least, a day in each month should be assigned as “Kitchen clean-out day.” During this day, leftover food in the fridge should be thrown away except if they have long expiry dates like olives or ketchup.
  6. Dirty dishes should not be kept, immediately after every meal all dishes in the break room should be properly washed and dried. To avoid overcrowding on the dish rack, choose a specific day in a month to appoint employees to put away any dried dish.

Selling At Your Local Farmers Market

Farmers Market Produce

The Farmers Market is a great place to sell your food because people are coming out to shop, to eat, and to not worry about the slightly exaggerated prices. There are dozens upon dozens of booths, selling all sorts of organic foods, grilled foods, raw foods, anything your heart can desire. So when folks come to the farmers market, they usually don’t have a specific cuisine in mind, they want to follow their noses and their whims. Organic produce, gluten free baked goods and local artisan foods are all very popular items at any farmers market.

So it’s up to you, the food vendor, the attract the people to your booth, and let their stomachs and taste buds choose you over everyone else.

But how?

The first thing you need to do is catch people’s attention. This can be done with the sweet smells of your fare wafting in the summer breeze, but if you rely on that you will soon be in the back of the pack, tossing all your unsold food at the end of the day, wondering where you went wrong. The first step toward getting someone to buy your food is having them know you’re there, and attracting their attention and piquing their interest. We suggest getting something like these pop-up banners and other visuals that will capture passing traffic. A passer-by will see your visuals and at least come over to your stand, where you’ll be able to engage them and sell them on your specific offering.

Farmers Market

You also want to make sure that if they do decide to buy from you, that the service is quick and efficient. If you sell the best food but it takes 5 minutes to prepare and serve, you’re going to have a tough time attracting repeat customers. And remember, these farmers market goers like to go almost every week, and they will definitely return to a booth that they loved. Do as much prep work as you can before hand, and make sure your food is easy to serve. A line is good as it shows that your booth is popular, but a quickly moving line is best. If it means hiring someone to accept payments, or someone addition to serve, do it, because an efficient food stand is one that will have return customers, and customers who talk up your food to others.

You should also never underestimate the power of the free sample. It’s a percentage game of course – you can’t expect and shouldn’t expect anyone to sample your food to come right over and buy a plate of it. But you will certainly attract some customers and the cost of samples is well worth even just a few new eaters. These new eaters will likely become repeat customers and pay off the minimal expenditure of the free sample in short time. Much like a banner display, if you can put someone out a bit away from your booth offering samples, you will direct new people to your food that may have never known you existed.

Lastly, make sure your food is amazing. That should go without saying, but if it’s amazing, people will find out about it. That’s the bottom line.